Malcolm X - Official Web Site
Malcolm X Timeline
19, 1925 - Born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska
- Drops out of school at age 15
- Convicted of burglary and sent to prison
- 1951 - Studies the Nation of Islam
- Leaves prison, dedicates himself to Nation of Islam, changes name to Malcolm X
Jan. 14, 1958 - Marries Betty X
Dec. 4, 1963 - Suspended from the Nation of Islam
1964 - Leaves Nation of Islam, starts the Muslim Mosque, Inc.
Apr. 22, 1964 - Makes his Hajj and becomes El-Hajj
Jun. 28, 1964 - Forms the Organization of Afro-American
Jul. 17, 1964 - Speaks at the Organization of African
Unity in Cairo
Aug. 13, 1964 - U.S. State and Justice Departments
take notice of his influence on African leaders at the U.N.
Feb 21, 1965 - Al Hajj Malik assassinated in New York
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The Entire Bible on One Page
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HOW FRANCE & THE UNITED STATES IMPOVERISHED HAITI
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GROWING UP IN ISLAM
By Selorm Ganu; P.S. 179 Class 5-502; 2009
born Mustfa Tamhim in 570 AD to Samah and Al Tamhim. I grew up in Mecca
in a hot dry region with many high sand dunes. In my religion we believe that Muhammed was Allah’s Prophet.
We pray 5 times a day at midday, late afternoon,
after sunset and before bed. We fast which means we don’t eat for 30 days.
In life I grew up as a nomad, we lived in tents. My Dad would
herd sheep, goats and cattle. We traveled in groups. In school we learned about Muhammad, a man that brought our religion
to Arabia. He was chosen
to recite the word of the Lord. This meant he would be Allah’s prophet. As his job he drove a caravan to tell people
the word of Allah.
school was over I was walking and I bumped into a man and I said sorry. He said” it’s ok.” I started to
walk and I saw him talk to people about Allah’s message. Then I remembered about what the teacher said Muhammad tells
people about Allah’s message. So I ran to him and asked him are you Muhammad? He said yes. I was shocked I was right
then talking to Muhammad, Allah’s prophet. I said it’s an honor to meet you. In
school we learned about you. He said “really?” You try to tell people about the message of the lord. He said that’s
right. I said bye and ran home to tell my parents. I got home I told them I met Muhammad they were shocked as I was. They
asked what he said he was really Muhammad. My parents said that’s awesome.
Then I said I will remember this day for ever.After witnessing what I had in the past I am happy
to be alive. After that I went to pray and I slept.
Welcome to Dr. Ganu's research center. This site features works dealing with social
science, health and general information for enhancing the intelligent layman's knowledge. Simply click on any of the
topics above and you'll be opened to a panorama of knowledge, information and lots of fun. Click on "Photos" and you will
take a tour through a fine gallery of pictures, optical illusions, and surprises full of fun. Click on other links and you'll
be exposed to pages featuring the lynching legacy of the American South to ancient history and works on sociological
"We let men take wealth which is not theirs; if the
seizure is 'legal' we call it high profits and the profiteers help decide what is legal." - W.E. B. Du Bois;
The Nation Magazine, October 20, 1956.
The Slave Who Defeated Napoleon
Napoleon was one of the greatest generals who ever lived. But at the end of the 18th century a self-educated slave with no military
training drove Napoleon out of Haiti and led his country to independence.
The remarkable leader of this slave revolt was Toussaint Breda (later
called Toussaint L'Ouverture, and sometimes the “black Napoleon”). Slave revolts from this time normally ended
in executions and failure – this story is the exception.
It began in 1791 in the French colony of Saint Dominique (later Haiti). Though born a slave in Saint Dominique, Toussaint learned of Africa from his father, who had been born a free man there. He learned that he was more than
a slave, that he was a man with brains and dignity. He was fortunate in having a liberal master who had him trained as a house
servant and allowed him to learn to read and write. Toussaint took full advantage of this, reading every book he could get
his hands on. He particularly admired the writings of the French Enlightenment philosophers, who spoke of individual rights and equality.
In 1789 the French Revolution rocked France. The sugar plantations of Saint Dominique, though far
away, would never be the same. Spurred on by such Enlightenment thinkers as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the early moderate revolutionaries considered seriously the question of slavery. Those moderate revolutionaries were
not willing to end slavery but they did apply the "Rights of Man" to all Frenchmen, including free blacks and mulattoes (those of mixed race). Plantation owners in the colonies were furious and fought the measure. Finally the revolutionaries
gave in and retracted the measure in 1791.
The news of this betrayal triggered mass slave revolts in Saint Dominique,
and Toussaint became the leader of the slave rebellion. He became known as Toussaint L'Ouverture (the one who finds an opening)
and brilliantly led his rag-tag slave army. He successfully fought the French (who helped by succumbing to yellow fever in
large numbers) as well as invading Spanish and British.
By 1793, the revolution in France was in the hands of the Jacobins, the most radical of the revolutionary groups. This group, led by Maximilian Robespierre, was responsible for the Reign of Terror, a campaign to rid France
of “enemies of the revolution.” Though the Jacobins brought indiscriminate death to France, they were also idealists who wanted to take the revolution as far as
it could go. So they again considered the issue of “equality” and voted to end slavery in the French colonies,
including what was now known as Haiti.
There was jubilation among the blacks in Haiti, and Toussaint agreed to help the French army eject the British and
Spanish. Toussaint proved to be a brilliant general, winning 7 battles in 7 days. He became a defacto governor of the colony.
In France the Jacobins lost power. People finally tired of blood flowing in the streets and sent Maximilian
Robespierre, the leader of the Jacobins, to the guillotine, ending the Reign of Terror. A reaction set in. The French people
wanted to get back to business. More moderate leaders came and went, eventually replaced by Napoleon, who ruled France with dictatorial powers. He responded to the pleas of the plantation
owners by reinstating slavery in the French colonies, once again plunging Haiti into war.
By 1803 Napoleon was ready to get Haiti off his back: he and Toussaint agreed to terms of peace. Napoleon agreed
to recognize Haitian independence and Toussaint agreed to retire from public life. A few months later, the French invited
Toussaint to come to a negotiating meeting will full safe conduct. When he arrived, the French (at Napoleon's orders) betrayed
the safe conduct and arrested him, putting him on a ship headed for France. Napoleon ordered that Toussaint be placed in a prison dungeon in the mountains,
and murdered by means of cold, starvation, and neglect. Toussaint died in prison, but others carried on the fight for freedom
Solar Plane Takes First 24-Hour Flight A solar-powered plane has succeeded in its first attempt at a 24-hour voyage. Taking
off from Switzerland, the Solar Impulse HB-SIA hit the skies on Wednesday powered only by the sun's energy. SmartPlanet shows
you raw footage of the experimental plane in flight.
Sinaiticus, a manuscript of the Christian Bible written in the middle of the fourth century, contains the earliest complete
copy of the Christian New Testament. The hand-written text is in Greek. The New Testament appears in the original vernacular
language (koine) and the Old Testament in the version, known as the Septuagint, that was adopted by early Greek-speaking Christians.
In the Codex, the text of both the Septuagint and the New Testament has been heavily annotated by a series of early correctors.
of Codex Sinaiticus for the reconstruction of the Christian Bible's original text, the history of the Bible and the history of Western book-making is immense. Read more…
DOCUMENTARY HEAVEN: A Site For Free Documentaries Covering All Subjects.
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A Letter From Michael Moore on the Islamic Center in NYC
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Predicted Great Urban Expansion By 2030
Africa We Never Get To See.
|The Passing of A Giant
|Chinua Achebe 1930 - 2013
and turning in the widening gyre
falcon cannot hear the falconer;
fall apart; the center cannot hold;
anarchy is loosed upon the world".
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Angela Davis: The Power of Resistance
The Life of Martin Luther King Jr.
By Selasie Ganu
P.S. 179 Class 5-503, 2009
Teacher: Mrs. Lagano
Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 to a middle class family in Atlanta, Georgia. His dad and grandfather were both
pastors at a local church. Martin Luther King had an older sister named Christine King Farris and a brother named Alfred Daniel
Williams King. King had attended Booker T. Washington High School and skipped the ninth and twelfth grades. He entered Morehouse
College at age fifteen without formally graduating High School. In 1948 he graduated from Morehouse College with a Bachelor
of Arts degree in Sociology and enrolled in Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania were he graduated with a
Bachelor of Divinity degree in 1951. On June 18th, 1953 he married Coretta Scott King on the lawn of her parents
house’ in her hometown of Heiberger, Alabama. King and Scott had four children named Yolanda King, Martin Luther King
III, Dexter Scott King and Bernice King. After that King had become pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in
Montgomery, Alabama when he was twenty-five years old in 1954. When a local women named Rosa Parks
was arrested because she refused to give up her seat to a white man, King organized a boycott of the Montgomery bus system.
Most black citizens in Montgomery refused to ride the busses there for over a year. The boycott helped bring change and in
1956 a Supreme Court decision banned segregated busses. After that victory King helped organize a group of churches dedicated
to nonviolent protests for Civil Rights. Dr. King was inspired by the life and work of Mahatma Gandhi whose non-violent leadership
helped free India from British rule. Over the next decade King led protests and marches to support African American rights
all over the country. The most famous was the march on Washington in 1963. Over 250,000 people gathered
in the nation’s capitol in support of Civil Rights. That was where Rev. Dr. King gave his famous “I Have A Dream”
speech. Kings protests and marches throughout Alabama brought attention to the issues of the Civil Rights. People watched
in shock as the police turned fire-hoses and attack dogs on peaceful protests. King was arrested a number of times but that
paid off. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the voting act of 1965 overturned segregation laws all over the country. In 1964
King was awarded the Nobel Peace prize. In 1968 Martin Luther King was assassinated in Memphis Tennessee. His killer James
Earl Ray was captured months later. Even though he died when he was 39, King changed the face of this country.
Examines the claims of Professor Martin Bernal who questions
the assumption of the “Europeaness” of our civilization placing instead the “black” Egyptians and
Phoenicians at the center of the West’s origins.
Black Athena examines Cornell Professor Martin Bernal’s
iconoclassic study of the African origins of Greek civilization and the explosive academic debate it provoked.
This film offers a balanced, scholarly introduction to the
disputes surrounding multiculturalism, “political correctness” and Afrocentric curricula sweeping college campuses
In his book Black Athena, Prof. Bernal convincingly indicts
19th-century scholars for constructing a racist “cult of Greece” based upon a purely Aryan origin for Western
culture. He accuses these classicists of suppressing the numerous connections between African and Near Eastern cultures and
early Greek myth and art.
Leading classical scholars, on the other hand, contend that
Bernal, like the 19th-century classicists he attacks, uses evidence selectively, uncritically and ahistorically to support
his own Afrocentric agenda.
They argue that cultural diffusion alone can’t account
for the distinctive achievements of the Greeks during the Classical Period. Black Athena can help students begin to distinguish
between sound scholarship and cultural bias – whether inherited from the past or imposed by the present.
Wonders of The African World
GHANA AT A GLANCE: By Yvonne Adih
East Vs. West: The Myths that Mystify (The Fundamentalism of My World, Your World) By Devdutt Pattanaik
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The Forgotten Army of WWII - West Africa's soldiers in Burma exclusive video
Elie Wiesel: The Paradox of Caesar