**The Study Guide For The Final Exam**

1. Definitions: Methodology; Epistemology; Conceptualization; Paradigms; Positivism; Interpretivism; Reductionism; Deductive Logic or reasoning; Inductive logic or reasoning; Validity; Reliability; Data Reduction; Units of Analysis; & Ecological Fallacy

2. Hypotheses and Variables – relationships between variables in research

3. Ethical Issues in Research

4. Culturally competent Research

5. Types of Studies:- The time Dimensions ie. Cohort, trend, longitudinal studies etc.

6. Variable types: Discrete Versus Continuous variables

7. Levels of Measurements: Nominal, Ordinal and Interval/Ratio levels & Frequency distributions

8. Central Tendency: The mean, The median and The mode; The relationship of the mean to the median in a distribution

9. Calculation of: Proportions, percentages, cumulative percentages, ratios and rates, percentiles, quartiles, index of qualitative variations (IQVs), average deviations, variances, standard deviations; and you must be able to interpret what all these mean in quantitative research.

10. NASW Code of Ethic (Rubin & Babbie pp. 80 – 81)

11. Know the various shapes of normal distributions: Leptokurtic, Platykurtic and Mesokurtic normal distributions and their properties.

12. The values of standard deviations under the normal curve: + & -1 standard deviation; + & -2 standard deviations; + & - 3 standard deviations.

13. Calculation of the Z scores

14 Calculating the areas under the normal curve & areas above and beyond the mean.